January 07, 2020
With gym memberships reaching eye-watering amounts – £40 a month, on average, but some can cost more than £100 – an academic is urging people to take inspiration from the 16th century when it comes to getting fit.
Digging, Trotting And Blowing: The 16th Century Workouts We Can Learn From
Dr Joan Fitzpatrick, a senior lecturer in English at Loughborough University, explored workout advice from The Castle of Health, a popular and influential dietary written by English scholar, Sir Thomas Elyot, in the 1500s.
“Physical exercise is key to a healthy body and healthy mind and, like us, our early modern ancestors understood the importance of being active,” said Dr Fitzpatrick.
Early modern dietaries advised a good diet, sleep, purges, and breathing good air to stay healthy. They also emphasised the value of regular exercise, although some of their suggestions may have got lost in history – “possibly for good reason”, added Fitzpatrick. 
So what did she learn?Related... How To Learn To Love Exercise In 2020 – Not Just Suffer Through It One of the key exercise categories in the book is ‘strong or violent exercise’, said Fitzpatrick – which sounds terrifying but is fairly straightforward. Activities you could try, as recommended by Sir Elyot, include: “delving” (or just digging) in heavy clay soil; “bearing of heavy burdens” (carrying something heavy); and climbing or walking up a steep, upright hill.
Elyot also recommends holding a rope and climbing up it, as well as hanging by the hands on anything “above a man’s reach”, so your feet don’t touch the ground. 
Another top tip is to – and we quote – “hold the arms steadfast, casting another man to assay to pull them out and, notwithstanding, he keepeth his arm steadfast in forcing thereunto the sinews and muscles”. Fitzpatrick helpfully translated this as a type of resistance training where you hold your arms firmly by your side while a partner tries to pull them up and out. He also recommends holding a rope and climbing up it.Sir Elyot was a fan of an category called ‘swift exercise’, which includes activities like running, tennis, throwing a ball, trotting a space of ground forward and backward, tip-toeing while holding up the hands, and moving your arms up and down without using weights.
There’s also the ‘vehement exercise’ category: football, throwing a ball and running after it, and running in a harness while another person pulls you back.
In another section of the book, Elyot recommends exercises for specific parts of the body. Some of the more eyebrow-raising activities include “moving of the breath in singing or crying” and “loud reading”, which were thought to expel “excess humours” and target the chest and lungs; and blowing into “instruments which do require much wind”, to target the intestines. 
Dr Fitzpatrick, author of Three Sixteenth-Century Dietaries: A Critical Edition, said of her analysis: “I’m not an athlete or a physical trainer, but even I can see that while some of the exercises recommended by Elyot are clearly historical – for example playing with spears – most are still relevant and eminently do-able.
“Anyone who does not have a garden with a heavy, clay soil in which to dig this spring might consider doing some of the other exercises recommended by Elyot.” Well, there you haveth it. 
See Dr Fitzpatrick’s full analysis of 16th century exercises on the Loughborough University website. Related... Health And Fitness Gadgets To Help You Reach Your 2020 Goals Beat The Chill With The Best Winter Running Gear For Women The 10 Breast Sports Bras For All Shapes And Sizes All This Home Fitness Gear Fits In A Small Space I Lost Weight. Now I'm Working On Gaining My Happiness
Latest News
Top news around the world
Coronavirus Disease

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.

Most people infected with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness and recover without requiring special treatment. Older people, and those with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, chronic respiratory disease, and cancer are more likely to develop serious illness.

Around the World

Celebrity News

> Latest News in Media

Watch It
Teresa's engagement, Lala's breakup and more Virtual RealiTea drama | Page Six Celebrity News
October 22, 2021
pL6thz9zRWc
Cynthia Bailey wants to protect husband Mike Hill from ‘reality TV curse’ | Page Six Celebrity News
October 22, 2021
TO1ltz90FV0
De Niro’s estranged wife won’t get half of his acting income | Page Six Celebrity News
October 22, 2021
SIQj1AuioZs
Sisqo Has Advice For Drake On Dealing With Impostors, Don't Sue Them | TMZ
October 22, 2021
VkjnwYMtkRo
Snoop Dogg's 50th Birthday Party, Fully Lit Old School Playas Ball | TMZ TV
October 22, 2021
kc62svaZeVo
Leslie Jordan Conflicted Over Dave Chappelle Special and Netflix Controversy | TMZ TV
October 22, 2021
te1ul4AYesM
Issa Rae and Yvonne Orji Dish on Season 5 of ‘Insecure’
October 22, 2021
KA7ZEjY3rvk
Kristen Stewart Opens Up on 'Eternals' LGBTQ Inclusion, Ruby Rose Battles with WarnerBros | The Take
October 21, 2021
7d3MFpaP2L8
AT&T Stock Falls Following Q3 Earnings Results
October 21, 2021
LZNkmpoVefA
"Friends" Star James Michael Tyler Dead at 59
October 24, 2021
4Bb9l8DaL38
Ed Sheeran Tests Positive for COVID-19
October 24, 2021
kvOsFW83Af4
Jesse McCartney & Katie Peterson Are Married!
October 24, 2021
KQB1mLPGgg4
TV Schedule
Late Night Show
Watch the latest shows of U.S. top comedians

Sports

Latest sport results, news, videos, interviews and comments
Latest Events
19
Nov
ASIAN CHAMPIONS LEAGUE: Group H
Sydney FC - Shanghai SIPG
17
Nov
UEFA NATIONS LEAGUE A: Group Stage
Spain - Germany
14
Nov
UEFA NATIONS LEAGUE A: Group Stage
Germany - Ukraine
08
Nov
ENGLAND: Premier League
Manchester City - Liverpool
08
Nov
ENGLAND: Premier League
Arsenal - Aston Villa
08
Nov
SPAIN: La Liga
Valencia - Real Madrid
08
Nov
ITALY: Serie A
AC Milan - Verona
08
Nov
ENGLAND: Premier League
West Bromwich Albion - Tottenham Hotspur
08
Nov
ITALY: Serie A
Bologna - Napoli
08
Nov
ITALY: Serie A
Genoa - Roma
08
Nov
ITALY: Serie A
Atalanta - Inter Milan
08
Nov
ITALY: Serie A
Lazio - Juventus
08
Nov
GERMANY: Bundesliga
Bayer Leverkusen - Borussia Monchengladbach
08
Nov
ENGLAND: Premier League
Leicester City - Wolves
08
Nov
GERMANY: Bundesliga
Wolfsburg - Hoffenheim
08
Nov
SPAIN: La Liga
Real Valladolid - Athletic Bilbao
08
Nov
SPAIN: La Liga
Levante - Alaves
08
Nov
SPAIN: La Liga
Real Sociedad - Granada CF
08
Nov
ITALY: Serie A
Torino - Crotone
08
Nov
SPAIN: La Liga
Getafe - Villarreal
07
Nov
GERMANY: Bundesliga
Borussia Dortmund - Bayern Munich
07
Nov
ENGLAND: Premier League
Everton - Manchester United
07
Nov
ENGLAND: Premier League
Chelsea - Sheffield United
07
Nov
SPAIN: La Liga
Atletico Madrid - Cadiz
07
Nov
SPAIN: La Liga
Barcelona - Real Betis
07
Nov
GERMANY: Bundesliga
Augsburg - Hertha Berlin
07
Nov
GERMANY: Bundesliga
Stuttgart - Eintracht Frankfurt
07
Nov
GERMANY: Bundesliga
RB Leipzig - SC Freiburg
07
Nov
ENGLAND: Championship
Rotherham - Preston NE
07
Nov
ITALY: Serie A
Parma - Fiorentina
07
Nov
ENGLAND: Championship
Watford - Coventry
07
Nov
ENGLAND: Championship
Norwich City - Swansea City
07
Nov
ENGLAND: Championship
Blackburn - QPR
07
Nov
ENGLAND: Championship
Derby County - Barnsley
07
Nov
ENGLAND: Championship
Huddersfield - Luton
07
Nov
ENGLAND: Championship
Nottingham Forest - Wycombe Wanderers
07
Nov
ENGLAND: Premier League
West Ham United - Fulham
07
Nov
ENGLAND: Championship
Sheffield Wednesday - Millwall
07
Nov
ENGLAND: Championship
Brentford - Middlesbrough
07
Nov
ENGLAND: Championship
Birmingham - Bournemouth
07
Nov
SPAIN: La Liga
Sevilla - Osasuna
07
Nov
ITALY: Serie A
Benevento - Spezia
07
Nov
ENGLAND: Premier League
Crystal Palace - Leeds
04
Nov
CHAMPIONS LEAGUE: Group stage, Group G
Ferencvaros - Juventus
04
Nov
CHAMPIONS LEAGUE: Group stage, Group G
Barcelona - Dynamo K.
03
Nov
CHAMPIONS LEAGUE: Group stage, Group A
Salzburg - Bayern Munich
03
Nov
CHAMPIONS LEAGUE: Group stage, Group D
Atalanta - Liverpool
Find us on Instagram
at @feedimo to stay up to date with the latest.
Featured Video You Might Like
zWJ3MxW_HWA L1eLanNeZKg i1XRgbyUtOo -g9Qziqbif8 0vmRhiLHE2U JFCZUoa6MYE UfN5PCF5EUo 2PV55f3-UAg W3y9zuI_F64 -7qCxIccihU pQ9gcOoH9R8 g5MRDEXRk4k
Copyright © 2020 Feedimo. All Rights Reserved.