Close
Date TimeSeptember 17, 2017
VoiceNew data shows hate crimes rose nationally in 2016. The numbers for 2017 aren't looking great either.
The number of hate crimes rose across the United States in 2016, marking the first time in over a decade that the country has experienced consecutive annual increases in crimes targeting people based on their race, religion, sexuality, disability or national origin.

Data collected by the Center for the Study of Hate and Extremism at California State University, San Bernardino, and provided exclusively to HuffPost, shows hate crimes rose about 5 percent from 2015 to 2016.

The study, authored by Professor Brian Levin, is seen as a reliable predictor of official FBI hate crime statistics, released each year in November. Levin’s 2016 findings amount to the most comprehensive hate crime data to date for the divisive election year, and back up alarming anecdotal evidence of emboldened bigotry in America. 

According to Levin, the study found “nearly identical” increases in hate crimes across two separate data sets.

The first data set consists of hate crime numbers reported by law enforcement agencies in 31 large cities and counties, including the 10 largest cities in the U.S. The study found 2,101 hate crimes in those cities and counties, a nearly 5 percent rise from the 2,003 hate crimes in the same places the year before.

Of the nation’s five largest cities, all but Houston experienced double-digit percentage increases, Levin said.

Hate crimes in Chicago rose 20 percent in 2016, 24 percent in New York City, 15 percent in Los Angeles, and 50 percent in Philadelphia. The city with the largest increase in hate crimes was Washington, D.C., which saw a 62 percent rise.
Exclusive: New Report Offers Proof Of U.S. Hate Crime Rise In The Trump Era

Fifteen of 31 cities surveyed, Levin said, had totals that were multi-year highs. Of the 13 cities and counties experiencing declines, most were areas that historically report low hate crime numbers.

Also notable in the city data: of the seven cities that broke down anti-Muslim hate crimes in 2016, six saw increases in that category. Nationally in 2015, hate crimes targeting Muslims rose 67 percent.

The second data set in Levin’s study consists of hate crime numbers provided by 13 states, including 5 of the nation’s 10 most populous. There were 3,887 hate crimes in those 13 states in 2016, according to Levin, representing a nearly 5 percent increase from the 3,705 such crimes the year before.

Although some states showed substantial increases in hate crimes, others experienced decreases. Tennessee, notably, saw a 30 percent drop in hate crimes.


Exclusive: New Report Offers Proof Of U.S. Hate Crime Rise In The Trump Era


“If these moderate overall increases of 5 percent hold nationally for 2016, this will be the first time since 2004 that the nation has experienced consecutive annual increases in hate crime,” Levin said. Hate crimes rose nearly 7 percent from 2014 to 2015.

Levin’s study projects — with a “slightly greater than moderate degree of confidence,” he said —  there being anywhere from 6,069 to 6,245 reported hate crimes in the FBI’s 2016 Unified Crime Report, marking the highest number of hate crimes since 2012, another presidential election year.

Since the FBI started collecting hate crime statistics in the early 1990s, the agency has registered increases during every presidential election year, a rise Levin thought could likely be tied to heightened political divisions.

But 2016 was notable for the “significant increases” in hate crimes in the period around Election Day itself, he said.

“What is so unusual about 2016 ― with the exception of the Midwest ― and particularly among the largest jurisdictions with the best data, was a clear and dramatic spike for the election period that was unlike anything I can recall in my professional career,” Levin said.  

Los Angeles saw a 29 percent increase in hate crimes in the last quarter of 2016. New York City saw a five-fold increase in hate crimes over a two-week period around the election. The state of California saw more hate crimes in November than any other month. Nearly 15 percent of Seattle’s hate crimes last year took place in November, and the 13 hate crimes that month were more than double the previous year’s tally. Philadelphia counted seven hate crimes in November, compared to only one over the previous four Novembers combined. Boston in November had the highest number of hate crimes for any month in either 2015 and 2016.

This election time increase backs up previous, and more anecdotal, evidence collected by the Southern Poverty Law Center, which documented a wave of horrifying hate incidents in the months following the election.

There are likely multiple explanations for 2016’s rise in hate crimes, Levin said, including “particularly sharp and widespread bigotry against particular communities like transgendered and Muslims” and the “emboldenment and mainstreaming of white nationalism.”

President Donald Trump’s election campaign was rife with rhetoric targeting or scapegoating minorities, and he often was slow to condemn ― and in some cases appeared to signal his support for ― white supremacists.

A white supremacist rally in Charlottesville, Virginia, last month — the biggest such gathering in well over a decade, according to the Anti-Defamation League — saw many white supremacists holding pro-Trump signs, chanting pro-Trump slogans or wearing his signature “Make America Great Again” hat.

After a neo-Nazi at the rally drove his car into a crowd of counter-protesters, killing one and injuring 19 others, Trump refused to specifically condemn the white supremacists. Trump later said there were “fine people” on “both sides” of the Charlottesville rally — a statement he repeated this week.

Levin and other experts on hate and extremism have expressed concern that Trump’s rhetoric could correlate to a continued rise in hate crimes. Levin found a precipitous rise in anti-Muslim hate crime following Trump’s initial Muslim ban proposal in December 2015.

Levin has also started to collect hate crime data for 2017 — and it’s not looking good.

Exclusive: New Report Offers Proof Of U.S. Hate Crime Rise In The Trump Era
An analysis of official police hate crime data from 13 large cities, Levin said, shows 827 hate crimes so far this year, a nearly 20 percent rise in those cities compared to the same period in 2016.

America’s six largest cities have recorded 526 hate crimes so far this year, amounting to a 22 percent rise, Levin said.

Anti-Semitic, anti-Muslim and anti-black attacks have fueled a 28 percent rise in hate crimes in New York City.  Los Angeles saw a 50 percent rise in violent hate crimes, while Washington, D.C., and Seattle’s hate crimes are both up 22 percent so far this year. And Phoenix, which experienced a decline in hate crimes in 2016, has so far seen a 46 percent increase in 2017.

Levin’s numbers for both 2016 and 2017, by his own admission, paint only a partial portrait of hate crimes in America. His data, after all, is reliant on crimes tallied by law enforcement agencies. But hate crimes often go unreported to authorities, or might go uncounted by police departments that lack training on how to identify hate crimes.

This is also true of the FBI’s annual hate crime count, widely considered by many to be insufficient. Over 3,000 federal, state and local law enforcement agencies don’t turn over their hate crime data to the FBI each year, and many others either under-report or incorrectly report having had zero hate crimes.

A national survey by the U.S. Bureau of Justice Statistics found that between 2003 and 2015, there were likely a staggering 250,000 hate crimes each year in the country, the majority of which go unreported to police.

America does not do a good job of tracking incidents of hate and bias. We need your help to create a database of such incidents across the country, so we all know what’s going on. Tell us your story.

Related Stories
North Carolina lawyer Cheslie Kryst named Miss USA 2019North Carolina lawyer Cheslie Kryst named Miss USA 2019
Game Of Thrones Sophie Turner Marries Joe Jonas In Las Vegas After Billboard Music AwardsGame Of Thrones' Sophie Turner Marries Joe Jonas In Las Vegas After Billboard Music Awards
Coachella day three review: Ariana Grande on fire and Pusha T on an icebergCoachella day three review: Ariana Grande on fire and Pusha T on an iceberg
Elon Musk told this Reddit user they should interview at Tesla, heres whyElon Musk told this Reddit user they 'should interview at Tesla', here's why
Lil Dicky drops the music video of his environmental anthem, EarthLil Dicky drops the music video of his environmental anthem, 'Earth'
Jared Kushner dubs Trump-Russia investigation a big distractionJared Kushner dubs Trump-Russia investigation 'a big distraction'
Westbrook vows to play better after lossWestbrook vows to play better after loss
Michelle Williams and her husband, musician Phil Elverum, have splitMichelle Williams and her husband, musician Phil Elverum, have split
These 10 Democrats Want Trump ImpeachedThese 10 Democrats Want Trump Impeached
Is Meghan Markle the New Peoples Princess?Is Meghan Markle the New 'People's Princess?'
News Trends
Kendall Jenner Soaks Up the Sun on Jet Skis With Luka Sabbat in MonacoKendall Jenner Soaks Up the Sun on Jet Skis With Luka Sabbat in Monaco
Natalie Portman calls Moby an older man being creepy, denies relationship rumorsNatalie Portman calls Moby an 'older man being creepy,' denies relationship rumors
How yoga teacher Amanda Eller survived 17 days lost in a Hawaiian jungleHow yoga teacher Amanda Eller survived 17 days lost in a Hawaiian jungle
Sasha Obama stuns in fitted black gown for high school promSasha Obama stuns in fitted black gown for high school prom
Shami Chakrabarti warns police over Extinction Rebellion prosecutionsShami Chakrabarti warns police over Extinction Rebellion prosecutions
Auburn radio voice Rod Bramblett, wife Paula, die following car accidentAuburn radio voice Rod Bramblett, wife Paula, die following car accident
Warriors open as massive NBA Finals favorites over Raptors in Las VegasWarriors open as massive NBA Finals favorites over Raptors in Las Vegas
Inside Kim Kardashian and Kanye Wests Low-Key Anniversary DinnerInside Kim Kardashian and Kanye West's Low-Key Anniversary Dinner
Federal judge blocks Trump from using Defense funds for parts of border wallFederal judge blocks Trump from using Defense funds for parts of border wall
Naomi Wolf admits blunder over Victorians and sodomy executionsNaomi Wolf admits blunder over Victorians and sodomy executions
Leaders
Donald-TrumpDonald Trump
45th President of the United States of America
Mike-PenceMike Pence
Vice President of the United States
Theresa-MayTheresa May
British Prime Minister
Angela-MerkelAngela Merkel
Chancellor of Germany
Emmanuel-MacronEmmanuel Macron
President of France
Justin-TrudeauJustin Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Nancy-PelosiNancy Pelosi
Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
Barack-ObamaBarack Obama
44th U.S. President
Vladimir-PutinVladimir Putin
Russian President
Shinzo-AbeShinzō Abe
Prime Minister of Japan
Related Stories
North Carolina lawyer Cheslie Kryst named Miss USA 2019North Carolina lawyer Cheslie Kryst named Miss USA 2019
Game Of Thrones Sophie Turner Marries Joe Jonas In Las Vegas After Billboard Music AwardsGame Of Thrones' Sophie Turner Marries Joe Jonas In Las Vegas After Billboard Music Awards
Coachella day three review: Ariana Grande on fire and Pusha T on an icebergCoachella day three review: Ariana Grande on fire and Pusha T on an iceberg
Elon Musk told this Reddit user they should interview at Tesla, heres whyElon Musk told this Reddit user they 'should interview at Tesla', here's why
Lil Dicky drops the music video of his environmental anthem, EarthLil Dicky drops the music video of his environmental anthem, 'Earth'
Jared Kushner dubs Trump-Russia investigation a big distractionJared Kushner dubs Trump-Russia investigation 'a big distraction'
Westbrook vows to play better after lossWestbrook vows to play better after loss
Michelle Williams and her husband, musician Phil Elverum, have splitMichelle Williams and her husband, musician Phil Elverum, have split
These 10 Democrats Want Trump ImpeachedThese 10 Democrats Want Trump Impeached
Is Meghan Markle the New Peoples Princess?Is Meghan Markle the New 'People's Princess?'
News Trends
Kendall Jenner Soaks Up the Sun on Jet Skis With Luka Sabbat in MonacoKendall Jenner Soaks Up the Sun on Jet Skis With Luka Sabbat in Monaco
Natalie Portman calls Moby an older man being creepy, denies relationship rumorsNatalie Portman calls Moby an 'older man being creepy,' denies relationship rumors
How yoga teacher Amanda Eller survived 17 days lost in a Hawaiian jungleHow yoga teacher Amanda Eller survived 17 days lost in a Hawaiian jungle
Sasha Obama stuns in fitted black gown for high school promSasha Obama stuns in fitted black gown for high school prom
Shami Chakrabarti warns police over Extinction Rebellion prosecutionsShami Chakrabarti warns police over Extinction Rebellion prosecutions
Auburn radio voice Rod Bramblett, wife Paula, die following car accidentAuburn radio voice Rod Bramblett, wife Paula, die following car accident
Warriors open as massive NBA Finals favorites over Raptors in Las VegasWarriors open as massive NBA Finals favorites over Raptors in Las Vegas
Inside Kim Kardashian and Kanye Wests Low-Key Anniversary DinnerInside Kim Kardashian and Kanye West's Low-Key Anniversary Dinner
Federal judge blocks Trump from using Defense funds for parts of border wallFederal judge blocks Trump from using Defense funds for parts of border wall
Naomi Wolf admits blunder over Victorians and sodomy executionsNaomi Wolf admits blunder over Victorians and sodomy executions
Leaders
Donald-TrumpDonald Trump
45th President of the United States of America
Mike-PenceMike Pence
Vice President of the United States
Theresa-MayTheresa May
British Prime Minister
Angela-MerkelAngela Merkel
Chancellor of Germany
Emmanuel-MacronEmmanuel Macron
President of France
Justin-TrudeauJustin Trudeau
Prime Minister of Canada
Nancy-PelosiNancy Pelosi
Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
Barack-ObamaBarack Obama
44th U.S. President
Vladimir-PutinVladimir Putin
Russian President
Shinzo-AbeShinzō Abe
Prime Minister of Japan
The complete list of Emmy winners
'Netflix Is a Joke' Billboards Unveiled as Comedy Campaign
‘Body parts everywhere’ Hero Marine who saved kids from M5 crash reveals horrific details
World War 3: China FURIOUS with ‘major liability’ North Korea over Kim’s missile tests
Corbyn 'took advantage of Manchester terror attack vigil to GAIN VOTES during election'
Trump retweets edited video of him hitting Hillary Clinton with golf ball
Man dies in hospital after Toronto restaurant shooting
Parsons Green: Second arrest over Tube bombing
Prince Charles may ‘convert Buckingham ­Palace into business-like monarchy HQ’ when King
Don’t look now, but full Obamacare repeal is back on the table
Hurricane Jose looms off the US East Coast
Manitoba's NDP chooses Wab Kinew as new leader - CBC.ca
Casey Affleck's divorce from Summer Phoenix finalized
BREAKING: London Bridge EVACUATED - armed police rush to scene amid terror fears
Toronto to Montreal in 39 minutes? Futuristic people mover zips to next stage
Late-Night Lately: Colbert Prepares for the Emmys, Corden Becomes 'It,' Jennifer Lawrence and Fallon Compete
Barcelona News: Real Madrid star Isco snubbed transfer because of Lionel Messi
‘Dress-wearing’ students must submit photos before dances, Wisconsin high school says
FEMA’s Hurricane Response Is Making Trump Look Good. Thanks, Obama
Parsons Green terror: Teenager arrested in Dover in connection with bomb attack
Beyoncé And Jay-Z Enjoy A Kid-Free Evening At Rihanna's Diamond Ball
Sanders Rips Trump: ‘Let Me Tell You What A Curse On The American People Is’
Theresa May ‘has already set aside £27bn to pay EU for a three-year transition deal’
Facebook hands over Russia-linked ads
Emmys 2017: How to Stream the Show Online
Toronto police find two missing brothers
Parsons Green terror: Theresa May warns attack is IMMINENT - threat level now CRITICAL
Cassini: Probe incinerates on entry to Saturn
LONDON TERROR ATTACK: Police identify key suspect behind Parsons Green Tube explosion
Universal Kids to Release Russian Series 'Masha and the Bear' In U.S
Mother of 6-year-old boy connected to Amber Alert found dead, Quebec police say
What we know so far about the London Underground explosion
Trump again seizes on terror incident to call for travel ban
BREAKING: London terror attack - second bomb at Parsons Green, reports
Witnesses say they heard announcements from officials that "some kind of explosion" had occurred on a train
Candice Bergen Wore A Message For Melania On Her Sweater
North Korea fires missile
Couples Sex Tapes Reality Series in the Works at eOne, Armoza Formats
Chelsea Manning, Sean Spicer named fellows at Harvard
Trump: There will be a wall, no amnesty
Selena Gomez has kidney transplant after best friend donates organ 'The ultimate gift'
The U.S. wants to negotiate a NAFTA deal that automatically expires after 5 years, commerce secretary says
Martin Shkreli Is Jailed for Seeking a Hair From Hillary Clinton
TV Ratings: 'Talent' Approaches Finale With Wednesday Win
Real Madrid opens Champions League defence on high note
Paris officially named host city for the 2024 Olympic Games
In a series of tweets, Trump denied he made a deal with Dems on immigration
Halle Berry, 51, exposes NIPPLES as she flaunts extreme cleavage in boob-baring top
Japan is building the fastest supercomputer in the world
ESPN's Jemele Hill Responds After White House Criticism of "Trump is A White Supremacist" Comments
‘Strange things happen every day:’ Merkel sings at election event (VIDEO)
Theresa May to deliver Brexit speech in Florence
Schumer and Pelosi say Trump agreed to fix DACA and tackle border security, minus his border wall. The WH disagrees
Royal wedding on the way? Prince Harry 'introduces Meghan Markle to the Queen at Balmoral'
Clinton Torches Ivanka For ‘Lip Service,’ Says She Should Be ‘Held Accountable’
Hear the White House response to Jemele Hill's tweets
End of the World on September 23, 2017: Shock Bible prophecy warns The Rapture is COMING
Bye-bye, bikini: Kate Upton made her modestly-dressed NYFW debut at Michael Kors
Russia says it proposed full normalization with US under Trump
Feds call July 2018 timeline for marijuana legalization ‘reasonable’
FOOD SHORTAGE: Caribbean running out of supplies
Emmys: Colbert Calls Trump "Biggest" TV Star, Jokes About Host "Manual Labor"
Trudeau's Bahamas vacation cost over $215K — far more than initially disclosed
Millions in Florida could be without electricity for weeks with temperatures in the 90s
How 'Black Mirror' Predicted New Apple Technology
The Disaster Artist review – James Franco's ode to bad film-making is a riot
ESPN’s Jemele Hill: Trump Is A ‘White Supremacist’ And Unfit For Office
Niall Horan parties on a luxury yacht with friends in Sydney
Aussie tradie attempts to rescue great white shark by dragging it into the sea off Manly Beach - Daily Telegraph
Edith Windsor, Plaintiff In Landmark Same-Sex Marriage Case, Dies
iPhone 8, iPhone X will have wireless charging with Qi, AirPower
Under fire for storm response, Macron arrives in hurricane-hit French islands
Hope Hicks Named White House Communications Director
All The Possible Excuses For Ted Cruz ‘Liking’ A Porn Video
Theresa May asked Trump to step into dispute between Boeing and Bombardier
Exclusive: Hillary Clinton says Trump associates helped Russia meddle in the 2016 election
Electricity is out for almost 8 million, including nearly 60% of Florida
Canadians return home after harrowing encounter with Irma
Some areas can't be reached to really find out the extent of the damage
'Bachelor in Paradise' Stars on Why the ABC Dating Show Can Work
‘Independencia!’ Hundreds of thousands rally in Barcelona as tensions rise over vote to separate from Spain
SEE THE DAMAGE: Irma slams Florida
'Transparent': Jill Gordon Replaces Jill Soloway as Showrunner for Season 5
Volkswagen, Mercedes-Benz launch electric cars: 'anything Tesla can do, we can do better'
GAS SHORTAGE: Many gas stations have no fuel, drivers say
'Survivor' Season 35 Player Profile: Meet Jessica Johnston
Jury selection begins in Lac-Mégantic train derailment trial
Winds and heavy rain from Irma move across the northern half of Florida's peninsula
Here's What's Happening in TV This Week
Angelina Jolie brings her kids (and her flowy pants) to Toronto Film Festival
New phones, Apple Watches, and more: What to expect at Apple's iPhone 10th-anniversary event - Quartz
Equifax Hack Proves Strong Passwords Aren't Enough
Bannon: Trump firing of Comey was the 'biggest mistake in modern political history' - Washington Post
Hurricane downgraded as it climbs through the center of Florida and into Georgia
'Outlander' Cast, Producers Break Down That Shockingly Emotional Premiere Death
'Five Foot Two' explores Lady Gaga's vulnerable side
Amazon's two-day shipping is more like 13, thanks to Hurricane Irma
HILLARY ‘GOBSMACKED’ Talks on book launch eve about ‘painful’ election loss
Here Are All The Records Irma Has Broken So Far
Toronto: Can Netflix Doc 'Gaga: Five Foot Two' Go Where 'Madonna: Truth or Dare' Did Not?
The top iPhone 8 rumors, ranked from most to least plausible - The Verge
Privacy Policy
How to find a celebrity at the Toronto International Film Festival
'We've got them on the ropes!' Why EU will NEVER get its £90bn Brexit divorce bill
North Korea's Kim Jong-un hosts huge celebration after nuclear test
Egypt announces discovery of 3,500-year-old tomb in Luxor
WORLD WAR 3: Angela Merkel offers to fix North Korea crisis amid nuclear missile threat
Irma upgraded to powerful Category 4 storm as it pounds the Florida Keys, and the rest of the state awaits the worst
Facebook tests Tinder-like ‘meet up’ feature
Should dating apps have HIV filters?
Most stations in Miami-Fort Lauderdale out of gas
Bride Always Dreamed About Making Fiancé’s Friends Sweat Asses Off In Fucking Sun
Emergency operations in Florida Keys relocating
'Game of Thrones' Guide: The Definitive Resource for Season 7
Why Virtual Reality Is Getting More Important at the Emmys
Reporter in Cuba: This is tragic
See the difference between Irma and Andrew
Survival Comedy Series Produced by Matt Damon Ordered at Netflix
Football Is A Thriving Business, But For How Long?
Hillary Clinton Adds 'Daily Show' to New Press Tour
'Big Brother 19': Fifth Juror Reveals How Eviction Will Impact His Finale Vote
Operation Sanctuary: Woman jailed for trafficking girls
Nato chief: world is at its most dangerous point in a generation
Floridians flee: Exodus could be one of largest in US history
New York Today: New York Today: Rafael Nadal’s New York
The hurricane, now with maximum sustained winds of 150 mph, leaves catastrophic damage on islands
Universal Kids Acquires Bear Grylls Series Ahead of Relaunch (Exclusive)
Mexican authorities report an 8.4 earthquake off southern coast, raising tsunami fears - Los Angeles Times
Alleged Russian political meddling documented in 27 countries since 2004
Hillary Clinton Sets 'Late Show With Stephen Colbert' Return
USA TODAY Sports: Week 1 NFL picks
Senator: Trump Jr. interview not easing concerns over Russia
Photos: Hurricane Irma tears through Caribbean
Amazon to add second headquarters with up to 50,000 jobs
Nancy Pelosi Says Trump Promised Her He’d Sign The Dream Act
Hurricane watches have been issued for parts of Florida as governor warns all of state's residents to prepare
Facebook finds Russian ads that sought to sow division during U.S. election
Economic Adviser Appears To Have Fallen Out Of Trump’s Favor
The 'extremely dangerous' storm is swirling over Puerto Rico as it makes its way toward a possible Florida hit
Brexit: Businesses warn over 'UK workers first' proposal
Hurricane Irma, Packing 185-M.P.H. Winds, Makes Landfall in Caribbean
'Game of Thrones': The 15 Best Quotes From Season 7
Hillary Clinton Wasn’t The Only Democrat Whose Campaign Got Hacked In 2016
Hurricane Irma is packing 185 mph winds, making it one of the most powerful Atlantic storms ever recorded
Late-Night Hosts Blast Trump on DACA Decision
South Korea's Moon discusses "unpredictable" North Korea situation with Putin - Reuters
Track the storm
Jimmy Fallon Unveils $1 Million Donation to J.J. Watt's Hurricane Harvey Relief Fund
Putin: Military hysteria over N. Korea may lead to planetary catastrophe, heavy loss of life
'Game of Thrones': The Final Images From Westeros, for Now
North Korea nuclear crisis: Kim Jong-un 'begging for war'
Seoul steps up military response to North Korea's nuclear test
Will North Korea's hydrogen bomb test force China to rethink its policy?
The Houston Texans Are Donating $1 Million To Harvey Disaster Relief
Read the letter Obama left for Trump
What happens if Kim attacks? 5 things to know
Close